Nagaland, the land of the welcoming and warm Nagas, lies in the bend of India’s North-East-bordering Myanmar. It has always suggested a sense of awe and speculates in the minds of people including the guests. Although most of the Nagas have now become Christians, they still protect the remnants of their premature animist culture and ancient traditions.It is one of the Seven Sisters of India
The Nagaland state capital is Kohima, and the biggest city is Dimapur. The state of Nagaland has an area of 16,579 km2 with a population of 1,980,602 (nineteen lakhs eighty thousand six hundred two) as per the 2011 census making it one of the nominal states of India. The state is mostly hilly except those areas bordering Assam valley. Mount Saramati is the uppermost peak in Nagaland with a height of 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma.
Hornbill Festival was beginning by the Government of Nagaland in December 2000 to promote inter-tribal interaction and to support cultural heritage of the state. Structured by the State Tourism and Art & Culture Departments, Hornbill Festival showcases a mixture of cultural displays under one roof. This festival takes place between the 1st and the 7th of December every year.
The week long Hornbill Festival is held at Naga Heritage Village, Kisama which is about 12 km from Kohima. All the tribes of Nagaland take part in this carnival. The ultimate goal of the festival is to revitalize and protect the rich culture of Nagaland and display its extravaganza and traditions.
The Festival is named after the Hornbill, the worldwide respected bird and which is displayed in folklore in most of the state’s tribes. The weeklong carnival unites one and all in Nagaland and people enjoy the colorful performances, crafts, sports, food fairs, games and ceremonies. Usual arts which include paintings, wood carvings, and sculptures are also on display. Festival highlights include Traditional Naga Morungs Exhibition and sale of Arts and Crafts, Food Stalls, Herbal Medicine Stalls, Flower shows and sales, Cultural Medley - songs and dances, Fashion shows, Beauty Contest, Traditional Archery, Naga wrestling, Indigenous Games and Musical concerts.
Christianity is the main religion of Nagaland. The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. Nagaland is known as "the only predominantly Baptist state in the earth. Among Christians, Baptists are the predominant group, constituting more than 75% of the state's population, thus making it more Baptist than Mississippi in the southern United States, where 55% of its population is Baptist. Roman Catholics, Revivalists, and Pentecostals are the other Christian denomination numbers.
|Location||between 25°6' and 27°4' latitude, North of Equator and between the longitudinal lines 93°20'E and 95°15'E|
|Population||1,980,602(According to 2011 census)|
|Capital||Kohima, (1,444.12 metres above sea-level)|
|Districts||Kohima, Mokokchung, Mon, Phek, Tuensang, Wokha, Zunheboto and Dimapur|
|Tribes||Angami, Ao, Sema, Lotha, Rengma, Chakhesang, Sangtam, Konyak, Phom, Chang, Yimchunger, Khiamungan, Zeliang, Kuki and Pochury|
|Climate||Summer (June - Sept.)|
|Best Season||October to May|
|Clothing Required||Summer : Cotton Tropical,Winter : Heavy Woolens|
|Average Rainfall||2000 mm to 2500 mm|
|Main Rivers||Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu.|
|Highest Peak||Saramati (3,841 metres above sea-level)|
|Languages Spoken||English, Hindi, Nagamese and local dialects|
|Air||Dimapur, the only airport in Nagaland, is connected by air to Delhi and Calcutta and rest of the country|
|Rail||Dimapur, the important Railhead in Nagaland, is on the main line of North-Eastern Frontier Railway|
|Roads||All important towns and villages in the State are connected by the Nagaland State Transport Services. N.S.T. also operates a Night Deluxe service from Dimapur to Guwahati, Shillong, Mokokchung.|
Almost all the tribal group of people of Nagaland has their single dancing styles. The dances derive their name from the dissimilar movements of hands and feet of the performers.Nagaland India is a place where reasonable and festivals are celebrated round the year. Various tribes and village observe diffent festivals. Among the famous ones are:
The state has two (2) wildlife sanctuaries.
Nagas also have their own know-how in handicrafts. The art and craft of Nagaland is ethnic and stylish. The Nagas have a knack of Bamboo Work, Wood Carving, Pottery and Blacksmitthy. So you have a wide variety of products to choose from. Go to the local bazaars and be a proud owner of these comely articles.