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Borobudur


Borobudur Temple History is one of the most Buddhist tombstones in the world. This massive relic of Borobudur was billed by Sailendra dynasty between 778 - 842 AD; 300 years before Cambodia’s Angkor Wat, and 400 years before work had begun on the great European cathedrals. Slight is branded about its early the past except that a gigantic workforce - sculptors, artists, statue and statue experts - must have been labored to move and carved the 55,000 cubic meters of stone. This Borobudur Facts historic site is a cultural legacy and becomes major sources of Indonesian culture, which is located about 40 km north of Jogjakarta City in central part of Java Island.


Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles exposed the temple in 1815. He establishes the temple in wined condition and hidden under volcanic ash. He prearranged an archeologist, H.C. Cornelius to excavate and clear the site from undergrowth and do thorough investigation. More than 200 laborers were engaged for forty five days to expose and eliminate earth, bushes, and trees which buried the historic temple. The gigantic restoration project began from 1907 to 1911 led by Dr. Tb. van Erp. Later, with the help of UNESCO, the second restoration to rescue Borobudur was carried out from 1973 to 1983. Since then, it becomes UNESCO World Heritage and Treasures.


The tombstone is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a position for Buddhist pilgrimage. The trip for pilgrims starts at the bottom of the monument and follows a path circumambulating the monument while ascending to the top through the three levels of Buddhist cosmology, namely Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). During the trip the monument directs the pilgrims through a system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the wall and the balustrades.




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