Chichen Itza is a big pre-Columbian archaeological place built by the Maya civilization situated in the northern axis of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico.
Chichen Itza was a most important crucial point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the near the beginning portion of the Early Postclassic era. The site exhibits a huge number of architectural styles, from what is called “Mexicanized” and evocative of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands. The attendance of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been delegate of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most modern interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya fashions more as the result of literary diffusion.
The trashes of Chichen Itza are national property, and the site’s stewardship is maintained by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History, INAH). The ground under the monuments had been privately-owned until March 29, 2010, when it was buy by the state of Yucatan.
The Maya name "Chich'en Itza" denotes "At the mouth of the well of the Itza." This obtains from chi', meaning "mouth" or "edge", and ch'e'en, meaning "well." Itzá is the name of an ethnic-lineage group that expanded political and financial dominance of the northern peninsula. The name is supposed to derive from the Maya itz, meaning "magic," and (h)á, meaning "water." Itzá in Spanish is often translated as "Brujas del Agua (Witches of Water)" but a more accurate translation would be Magicians of Water.
The name is frequently represented as Chichén Itzá in Spanish and when interpreted into other languages from Spanish to illustrate that both parts of the name are stressed out on their final syllables. Other references like better to employ a more precise orthography in which the word is written according to the Maya language, using Chich'en Itzá . This shape safeguards the phonemic dissimilarity between ch' and ch, since the base word ch'e'en.
Chichen Itza was a foremost financial power in the northern Maya lowlands during its highest point. Participating in the water-borne circum-peninsular deal route through its port site of Isla Cerritos, Chichen Itza was able to gain locally unavailable wealth from distant areas such as essential Mexico and southern Central America (gold).