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Details About ANTARCTICA


ANTARCTICA


Basics

Antarctica the sixth largest of the continents, is ice bound through out the year. Penguins and seals, accompanied by a few invertebrates such as mites and ticks—the only land animals that can tolerate the low temperatures, primarily inhabit it.
The marine life is rich and it includes krill, a shrimp like organism that is a food source for large numbers of whales in the surrounding waters. Antarctica has no trees, flowering plants, or grasses. The sparse vegetation is limited to about 350 species, which mostly encompass lichens, mosses and algae.
Antarctica is a true desert due to its extreme cold climate making it the coldest, windiest, and driest continent. It’s average temperature is around -50°C (-58°F), and the land is swept by hurricanes and the annual rainfall is only around 50 millimeters a year.
This continent has no native civilization but the United Kingdom, Norway, France, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, and Argentina have made territorial claims. Due to the climate it makes it impossible for people to settle down here.
A current critical environmental issue concerning Antarctica is its ozone shield, which protects the earth’s surface from harmful ultraviolet radiation. Measurements indicate that the ozone layer above Antarctica has been reduced to a dangerous level


Facts

  • Antarctica is the highest, driest, windiest, emptiest, coldest place on earth.
  • An ice sheet covers all but 2.4 percent of Antarctica's 14 million square kilometers.
  • At its thickest point the ice sheet is 4,776 meters deep and averages 2, 160 meters thick. This is 90 percent of all the world's ice and it is 70 percent of all the world's fresh water.
  • There are lots of penguins, whales, seals, krill (the main food for whales), and even fish in Antarctica's waters, but there are no land mammals and, as far as scientists know, no native peoples.
  • Eskimos and polar bears are found in the ARCTIC, not the Antarctic.
  • The mean annual temperature at the South Pole is minus 56 degrees F. During the Austral Summer, temperatures at McMurdo base, on the Ross Sea, may get as high as 40 degrees F, while at the South Pole, at the Amundsen- Scott station, temperatures may reach 0 degrees F.
  • The area below 60 degrees south enjoys one long day and one long night each year. The sun sets in March and rises in October.
  • The seasons in Antarctica are the opposite of the seasons in the Northern hemisphere--summer is October through February. Winter is March through September.


Countries

No countries


Rivers

  • Adams Stream
  • Aiken Creek
  • Alph River
  • Lawson Creek
  • Onyx River


Best Tourist Places

A continent inhabited by penguins, seals, walruses, killer whales, blue whales and krill, a small shrimp-like crustacean. A "land" of eternal ice sheets where everything amazes one. Antarctica is "something else", a place of frozen nature, unfamiliar to man.
  • Fildes Bay
  • Presidente Frei Base
  • Villa Las Estrellas
  • Chile Bay


Mountains

  • Abbott Peak (Antarctica)
  • Mount Barsoum
  • Baillie Peak
  • Mount Barden
  • Berg Peak


Theme Parks

No data


Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Falklands - South Georgia - Antarctic Peninsula
  • Exclusive South Georgia
  • Atlantic Odyssey
  • Antarctic Peninsula
  • Weddell Sea & Antarctic Penisula "Basecamp Plancius"


Beaches

  • Asemus Beach
  • Blacksand Beach
  • Dragon Beach
  • Gilchrist Beach
  • Half Moon Beach