Rio de Janeiro is the capital city of the state of Rio de Janeiro and is 2nd largest city in the South American country of Brazil. “Rio” as the city is usually abbreviated is also the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Brazil. It is considered one of the main tourist destinations in the Southern Hemisphere and is famous for its beaches, Carnaval celebration and various places such as the statue of Christ the Redeemer.
The subsequent is a list of the ten most important things to know about Rio de Janeiro:
- Europeans first grounded on present-day Rio de Janeiro in 1502 when a Portuguese expedition headed by Pedro Álvares Cabral arrive at Guanabara Bay. 63 years later, on March 1, 1565, the city of Rio de Janeiro was formally founded by the Portuguese.
- The metropolis of Rio de Janeiro is located on Brazil’s Atlantic shore near the Tropic of Capricorn. The city itself is built on a bay in the western portion of Guanabara Bay. The doorway to the bay is distinct because of a 1,299 foot (396 m) mountain called Sugarloaf.
- Rio de Janeiro’s climate is measured tropical savanna and has a rainy season from Every December to March. Along the coast, temperatures are controlled by sea breezes from the Atlantic Ocean but inland temperatures can reach 100°F (37°C) during summer. In the fall, Rio de Janeiro is also exaggerated by cold fronts advancing north from the Antarctic region which can often cause sudden weather alters.
- As of 2008, Rio de Janeiro had a population of 6,093,472 which makes it the 2nd largest city on Brazil at the back of São Paulo. The population thickness of the city is 12,382 persons per square mile (4,557 people per sq km) and the metropolitan area has a total population of around 14,387,000.
- Rio de Janeiro is Brazil’s 2nd largest city in terms of manufacturing production as well as its financial and service industries behind São Paulo. The city’s main industries include chemicals, petroleum, processed foods, pharmaceuticals, textiles, clothing and furniture.
- Tourism is also a big industry in Rio de Janeiro. The city is Brazil’s main tourist magnetism and it also receives more international visits per year than any other city in South America with around 2.82 million.
- Rio de Janeiro is considered the intellectual capital of because of its combination of historic and modern architecture, its more than 50 museums, reputation of music and literature, and its yearly Carnaval celebration.
- On October 2, 2009, the International Olympic Committee selected Rio de Janeiro as the place for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games. It will be the 1st South American city to host the Olympic Games.