Tripura is a state in North-East India which boundaries Bangladesh, Mizoram and Assam. It is bounded by Bangladesh on its north, south and west: the length of its international border is 856 km. It shares a Fifty Three 53 km long border with Assam and a 109 km long border with Mizoram. The state is connected with the rest of India by only one road (NH-44) that runs through the hills to the border of Karimganj District in Assam and then winds through the states of Meghalaya, Assam and North Bengal to Calcutta.
Tripura is one of the Seven Sister States.Tripura lies in nature disadvantageous location in India, with only one most important highway connecting it with the rest of India; this hinders the economic prospects of the state. An agrarian state, most of the residents are concerned in agriculture and allied activities, although service sector give the most to the gross state domestic product. Forests cover more than half the area of the state, and provide remarkable biodiversity for a relatively small state and also source of livelihood for many tribes. Scheduled tribes are about 30% of the population, with Kokborok-speaking Tripuri people forming the major tribe; Bengali people form the ethno-linguistic bulk of the population.
Tripura is an agrarian state, with more than 50% of its residents depending on agriculture and allied activities. However, due to mountainous terrain and forest cover, only 27% of land is available for cultivation. Rice is overwhelmingly major crop of the state, with 91% of cropped area being sown with rice.2009–10 statistics reveal that potato, sugarcane, mesta, pulses and jute are other major crops, in terms of production. Jackfruit and pineapple top the list of horticultural products. Traditionally, most of the tribal population of the state practiced jhum method (a type of slash-and-burn) cultivation. The number of people needy on jhum has declined over the years since Tripura joined the union of India.
Tripura, nestled in a tilt of the Northeast, flourishes on the bounties of nature but the beauty of the state is heightened by its human resources on the one hand and rich cultural tradition on the other.
Folk culture of the tribal and non-tribal people of the state forms the backbone of Tripura's cultural tradition. This is reflected as much in the delicately rhythmic physical progress of the 'Hoza Giri' dance of the Reang tribesmen as in the collective musical recitation of 'Manasa Mangal' or 'Kirtan' (devotional songs in chorus) of the non-tribals. Apart from this, the 'Garia' dance of the tribals, organized on the circumstance of New Year revels and worship of 'Garia', and 'Dhamail' dance of the non-tribals, organized on familial occasions like wedding ceremony in rural areas as well as musical duels (Kabi Gaan) between two rival rhyme-makers on public platforms form the staple of Tripura's folk culture.
Nobel-laureate poet Rabindra Nath Tagore's close family member with the princely state of Tripura and its four (4) successive rulers forms an important chapter in the state's history. This was of course a natural consequence to the open-minded patronage extended to Bengali language and culture by the Manikya dynasty rulers of Tripura since the days of King Ratna Manikya (1464-68). It was in the course of a political crisis that Tripura's ruling monarch Krishna Kishore Manikya (1830-1849) had got in touch with Prince Dwaraka Nath Tagore, enchanted grandfather of Rabindra Nath, and obtained timely assistance. In his maiden letter to King Bir Chandra Manikya ( 1862-1896) dated May 6, 1886 Rabindra Nath Tagore had referred to this familial relation while seeking elements of Tripura's history on which he later based his celebrated novel ' Rajarshi' and dramas 'Visarjan' and 'Mukut' . Even before that, young Rabindra Nath had occasion to have a feel of King Bir Chandra Manikya's magnanimity in 1882.
The Health and Family Welfare Department, Government of Tripura, delivers defensive and healing health care services to the people of the State. Tripura's health parameters are better than their National counterparts. Keeping in view the need for further up gradation of service , development of Health Parameters to achieve the millennium Development Goal, development of Health infrastructure, development of human resources, accountability of service providers and gender balancing have been made the main approaches to the 11th Five Year Plan. The main concern area to be addressed in the field of health care services is to bridge the gap in health manpower and infrastructure as also to develop manpower through medical education. Two separate directorates have been established to achieve the goals.
|Temperature Summer||Summer :20 to 36° C.|
|Temperature Winter||Winter :7 to 27° C. Winter 2°. C Min|
|Rainy Season||June to August|
|Average rainfall||2500 mm per annum|
|International Border||856 Km|
|Literacy rate||87.75 % ( As recorded in 2011 Census)|
The important dances of the Tripuris are:
Tripura is a state of India that has produced a wide selection of folk music. The musician Hemanta Jamatia gained foremost renowned beginning in about 1979, when he became a musical envoy for the separatist Tripura National Volunteers. He later on surrendered and returned to normal life, dedicating his work to the folk music of the Tripuri people. In recognition of his offerings to folk and modern music in the Tripuri language, he was awarded the highest honor in the field of music by the Government of India's Sangeet Natak Academy.
Administratively it is divided into 4 Districts, 17 Subdivisions, 40 Rural Development Blocks, 1038 Gram Panchayets, 4 Jilla Parishads, 15 Notified Areas, 1 Municipal Council.