Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India situated in northeast India, Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares intercontinental borders with Bhutan in the west, Burma in the east and the People's Republic of China in the north.Arunachal Pradesh denotes "land of the dawn-lit mountains" in Hindi. It is also recognized as "land of the rising sun" ("pradesh" means "state", "territory" or "region") in orientation to its position as the easternmost state of India. Like other parts of Northeast India, a majority of the people native to the state are of Tibeto-Burman origin
The history of pre-modern Arunachal Pradesh remains masked in mystery. Oral histories possessed to this day by many Arunachali tribes of Tibeto-Burman stock are much richer and point unambiguously to a northern origin in modern-day Tibet. Again validation remains difficult. From the point of view of material culture it is clear that most indigenous Arunachali groups align with Burma-area hill tribals, a fact that could either be explainable in terms of a northern Burmese origin or from westward cultural diffusion.
From the same viewpoint the most unusual Arunachali group by far is the Puroik/Sulung, whose traditional fasten food is sago palm and whose primary usual productive strategy is foraging. While speculatively considered to be a Tibeto-Burman population, the uniqueness of Puroik culture and language may well represent a tenuous reflection of a distant and all but unknown pre-Tibeto-Burman, Tai and Indo-Aryan past.
The weather of Arunachal Pradesh varies with elevation. Areas that are at a very high height in the Upper Himalayas close to the Tibetan border enjoy an alpine or Tundra climate. Below the Upper Himalayas are the Middle Himalayas, where people knowledge a temperate climate. Areas at the sub-Himalayan and sea-level elevation generally experience humid, sub-tropical climate with hot summers and mild winters.
Arunachal Pradesh receives heavy rainfall of 80 to 160 inches (2,000 to 4,100 mm) annually, most of it between May and September. The mountain slopes and hills are covered with alpine, temperate, and subtropical forests of dwarf rhododendron, oak, pine, maple, fir, and juniper; sal (Shorea) and teak are the main economically valuable species.
Arunachal Pradesh attracts tourists from numerous parts of the world. Tourist attractions include Tawang, a good-looking town famous for its Buddhist monastery, Ziro, famous for edifying festivals, the Namdapha tiger project in Changlang district and Sela lake near Bomdila with its bamboo bridges overhanging the river. Religious places of interest include Malinithan in Lekhabali, Rukhmininagar near Roing (the place where Rukmini, Lord Krishna's wife in Hindu mythology, is said to have lived), and Parshuram Kund in Lohit district. Rafting and trekking are ordinary activities. A visitor's permit from the tourism department is required. Places like Tuting have wonderful, undiscovered scenic beauty.
Arunachal Pradesh is mainly an agricultural state of India. The most important crops here are rice, pulses, sugarcane, wheat, millets, oilseeds and ginger. The farmers of the state employ various devices to enlarge their agricultural yield- the Jhum farming and terrace farming are two of these methods. In Jhum cultivation the farmers practice the land by setting on fire or cutting down the unwanted cultivation. Terrace farming involves the shaping of hilly agricultural lands into multiple terraces in a bid to check soil erosion.
Arunachal Pradesh is home to at least twenty six (26) major and sub – tribes, each with its separate tradition and customs. The majority of the population, that consists of tribes like Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagins, Bori, Bokar etc. still continue with their ancient beliefs and indigenous practices of worshipping the sun and the moon . This religion is known as Donyi- Polo (which literally means sun and Moon).
Monpas and Sherdukpens in West Kameng and Tawang Districts, who came in get in touch with with the Tibetans in the north, adopted Mahayana form of the Buddhist faith, while the Khamptis in Lohit district and Singphos practice Hinayana Buddhism. Mishmis in Lohit, Upper and Lower Dibang Valley, Noctes and Wanchos in Tirap and Changlang districts also still continue with their ancient beliefs and indigenous practices of worship, which is animistic in nature.
|State Bird||State Flower||State Animal||State Tree|
|Hornbill||Foxtail Orchid||Bos Frontalis||Hollong|
Arunachal Pradesh is a land of gorgeous handicrafts comprising a wide variety. Artistic craftsmanship has been passed on from one generation to the other and sense of aesthetics has been obvious through a variety of crafts such as weaving, painting, pottery, smithy work, basket making etc.
From the perspective of the art and culture the state may be very expediently divided into three(3) zones. The first of these zones includes the Buddhist tribe; the second occupies the central part; and the third zone is the eastern part of the territory.
The people of the 1st zone make stunning masks. They periodically stage pantomimes and masked dances. They also make exquisite painted wooden vessels and silver articles. Carpet making is a speciality of the Monpas, the Buddhist community. Carpets with exotic designs of dragons, geometric and floral patterns are made here. Carpet weaving has today become a major occupation of the womenfolk and with an increase in demand, production of the carpets is now being undertaken on a large scale.
Arunachal Pradesh Biodiversity of topographical and climatic conditions has favored the enlargement of luxuriant forests which are home to countless plant and animal forms adding beauty to the landscape. Living in this incredible cradle of nature are the colourful and vibrant tribes of Arunachal Pradesh for whom the forests and the wildlife are of special significance.
Nature has been exceedingly kind and has endowed this attractive State of Arunachal Pradesh with diverse forests and magnificent wildlife. The richness of life forms i.e. the flora & fauna that occur in these forests presents a panorama of biological diversity with over five thousand plants, about eighty five terrestrial mammals, over five hundred birds and a large number of butterflies, insects and reptiles. Such an unparalleled occurrence of life forms can be attributed to the peculiar location of the State which is at the junction of the Paleoarctic, indo-Chinese, and Indo-Malayan bio-geographic regions, biotic elements from all these regions occur in this state making it very rich in floral & faunal resources.