Paris is the capital and biggest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region .The city of Paris, within its administrative limits largely unchanged since 1860, has an estimated population of 2,193,031 (January 2007), but the Paris metropolitan area has a population of 11,836,970 (January 2007), and is one of the majority populated metropolitan areas in Europe.
In 2009 and 2010 Paris has been graded among the 3 most significant and powerful cities in the world, among the first three "European cities of the future" – according to a research published by Financial Times – and among the top ten cities in the planet in which to live according to the British review Monocle (June 2010).An important completion for more than 2 millennia, Paris is today one of the world's leading production and cultural centers, and its authorities in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major worldwide cities. Paris also ranks surrounded by the 10 greenest European cities in 2010
Paris and the Paris area, in 2009, create more than a section of the gross domestic product (GDP) of France. According to 2007 approximations, the Paris agglomeration is Europe's largest city economy and the 5th largest in the world. The Paris Region hosts 37 of the luck Global 500 companies in numerous business districts, notably La Défense, the principal purpose-built business district in Europe. Paris also crowds many international organizations such as UNESCO, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the relaxed Paris Club. According to the newest survey from Economist Intelligence Unit in 2010, Paris is the world's most luxurious city to live in.
Paris and its region is the most admired tourist target in the world with 45 million tourists annually, 27 million of whom are foreign visitors. The city and area contain frequent iconic landmarks, mainly the Eiffel Tower, as well as world-famous organizations and popular parks. Paris is to be found in the north-bending arc of the waterway Seine and includes two islands, the Île Saint-Louis and the larger Île de la Cité, which form the oldest branch of the city. Overall, the city is relatively flat, and the lowest tip is 35 m (115 ft) above sea height. Paris has numerous prominent hills, of which the maximum is Montmartre at 130 m (427 ft).
Paris, without the outlying parks of Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes, wraps an oval measuring 86.928 km2 in region. The city's previous major capture of outlying territories in 1860 not only gave it its modern form but created the 20 clockwise-spiralling arrondissements (municipal boroughs). From the 1860 part of 78 km2 (30 sq mi), the city restrictions were expanded marginally to 86.9 km2 (34 sq mi) in the 1920s. In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes jungle parks were formally annexed to the city, bringing its area to the in attendance 105.39 km2.