New York is a state in the Northeastern area of the United States. It is the nation's 3rd mainly populous state. New York is surrounded by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime edge with Rhode Island east of stretched Island, as well as a global border with the Canadian provinces of Ontario to the north and west, and Quebec to the north. New York is frequently referred to as New York State to differentiate it from New York City
New York City, with residents of more than 8,000,000 people, is the most crowded city in the United States. It is recognized for its status as a financial, educational, transportation, and manufacturing center, and for its olden times as a gateway for colonization to the United States. According to the U.S. subdivision of Commerce, it is also a target of choice for much foreign company. Both state and metropolis were named for the 17th century Duke of York, James Stuart, future James II and VII of England and Scotland.
New York was occupied by the Algonquian, Iroquois, and Lenape Native American collections at the time Dutch settlers stimulated into the area in the early 17th century. In 1609, the province was initial maintained by Henry Hudson for the Dutch. Fort Nassau was built close to the site of the present-day capital of Albany in 1614. The Dutch soon also established New Amsterdam and divisions of the Hudson River basin, establishing the settlement of New Netherland. The British took over the camp by annexation in 1664.
The boundaries of the British settlement, the region of New York, were approximately parallel to those of the present-day state. About 1/3 of all the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York. New York became a self-governing state on 9th July, 1776, and enacted its charter in 1777. The state ratified the United States establishment on 26th July, 1788 to become the 11th state of the union.
New York covers 49,576 square miles (128,400 km2) and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York, while Lake Champlain is the chief northern feature of the valley, which also includes the Hudson River flowing southward to the Atlantic Ocean. The rugged Adirondack Mountains, with vast tracts of wilderness, lie west of the valley.
The majority of the southern division of the state is on the Allegheny Plateau, which grows from the southeast to the Catskill Mountains. The western segment of the state is depleted by the Allegheny River and rivers of the Susquehanna and Delaware systems. The Delaware River sink Compact, signed in 1961 by New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and the federal administration, controls the utilization of stream of the Delaware system. The highest altitude in New York is Mount Marcy in the Adirondacks.
New York's edgings touch (clockwise from the west) 2 Great Lakes (Erie and Ontario, which are connected by the Niagara River); the provinces of Ontario and Quebec in Canada; Lake Champlain; 3 New England states (Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut); the Atlantic Ocean, and two Mid-Atlantic States, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. In addition, Rhode Island divides a water border with New York. New York is the merely state that touches both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean.