The Egyptian pyramids are very old pyramid-formed masonry structures situated in Egypt. There are 138 pyramids exposed in Egypt as of 2008. The majority was built as burial places for the country's Pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. The first known Egyptian pyramids are found at Saqqara, northwest of Memphis. The earliest among these is the Pyramid of Djoser (constructed 2630 BCE–2611 BCE) which was built during the third era. This pyramid and its nearby multifaceted were designed by the architect Imhotep, and are generally considered to be the world's oldest colossal structures constructed of dressed sandstone..
The most well-known Egyptian pyramids are those originate at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo. More than a few of the Giza pyramids are calculated among the largest arrangements ever built. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the prime Egyptian pyramid. It is the only one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence. By the time of the near the beginning dynastic period of Egyptian history, those with enough means were buried in bench-like structures known as mastabas.
The 2nd historically recognized Egyptian pyramid is credited to the architect Imhotep, who designed what Egyptologists consider to be a tomb for the pharaoh Djoser. Imhotep is accredited with being the primary to conceive the idea of stacking mastabas on top of each other — creating an edifice self-possessed of a number of "steps" that decreased in size towards its apex. The end result was the Step Pyramid of Djoser — which was intended to dish up as a gigantic stairway by which the spirit of the departed pharaoh could ascend to the heavens. Such was the significance of Imhotep's attainment that he was blessed by later Egyptians.
The mainly productive pyramid-building stage coincided with the maximum degree of absolutist pharaonic regulation. It was throughout this time that the most well-known pyramids, those near Giza, were built. Over time, as power became less centralized, the aptitude and willingness to tie together the income required for building on a massive scale decreased, and later pyramids were smaller, less well-built and often hurriedly constructed.
Extended after the finish of Egypt's own pyramid-building period, a rupture of pyramid-building occurred in what is current-day Sudan, past much of Egypt came under the regulation of the Kings of Napata. While Napatan rule was short and ceased in 661 BC, the Egyptian power made an indelible impression, and during the later Sudanese Kingdom of Meroe (approximately in the period between 300 BC–300 AD) this flowered into a full-blown pyramid-building revival, which saw more than 200 indigenous, but Egyptian-inspired regal pyramid-tombs constructed in the vicinity of the kingdom's capital cities.
The shape of Egyptian pyramids is consideration to stand for the primordial heap from which the Egyptians thought the world was created. The outline of a pyramid is thought to be spokesperson of the descending rays of the sun, and most pyramids were faced with refined, highly reflective white limestone, in order to give them a luminous appearance when viewed from a distance. Pyramids were frequently also named in ways that referred to solar luminescence. For instance, the official name of the Bent Pyramid at Dahshur The Southern immaculate Pyramid, and that of Senwosret at el-Lahun was Senwosret is Shining.
While it is usually decided that pyramids were burial tombstones, there is sustained disagreement on the meticulous theological morality that strength have given rise to them. One hypothesis is that they were considered as a type of "resurrection machine."