The Canadian Rockies include the Canadian section of the North American Rocky Mountains collection. They are the eastern division of the Canadian Cordillera, extending from the Interior Plains of Alberta to the Rocky Mountain gutter of British Columbia. The southern last part limits Idaho and Montana of the USA. The northern ending is at the Liard waterway in northern British Columbia
The Canadian Rockies have several high peaks and varieties, such as Mount Robson (3,954 metres) and Mount Columbia (3,747 metres ). The Canadian Rockies are collected of shale and mineral. Much of the range is confined by parks and a World Heritage Site.
Mount Robson (3,954 m (12,972 ft)) is the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies, but not the highest in British Columbia, since there are some higher mountains in the Coast Mountains and Saint Elias Range. However, Mount Robson is particularly impressive because it stands out on the continental divide towering over Yellowhead Pass, one of the lowest passes in the Canadian Rockies, and is close to the Yellowhead Highway. Its base is only 985 m above sea level, meaning it has a total vertical relief of 2,969 m or nearly 10,000 feet. In addition, it rises the 3 km to its summit in a distance of only 4 km from its base at Kinney Lake. Climbing Mount Robson is a challenge suitable for experienced and well-prepared mountaineers, and usually requires a week on the mountain.
The Canadian Rockies are fairly dissimilar in outward show and geology from the American Rockies to the south of them. The Canadian Rockies are collected of layered sedimentary rock such as limestone and shale, whereas the American Rockies are made mostly of metamorphic and igneous swing such as gneiss and sandstone. The Canadian Rockies were first and foremost shaped by over plunging of rock from British Columbia in a northeastward direction over the plains of Alberta; whereas the American Rockies appear as if they were built by directly strengthen from below. The American Rockies are, on common, higher in increase than the Canadian Rockies, but have less perpendicular liberation, which is to say they are shorter from base to pinnacle because the mountain valleys are higher.
The Canadian Rockies are in nature youthful than the American Rockies. Their bodily appearance is more rough because the Canadian Rockies have been very deeply glaciated, resulting in sharply pointed mountains divided by wide, U-shaped valleys grooved by glaciers, whereas the American Rockies are more rounded, with river-carved V-shaped valleys between them. The Canadian Rockies are cooler and wetter, giving them moister top soil, superior rivers, and additional glaciers. The tree row is much minor in the Canadian Rockies than in the American Rockies.
5 national parks are situated within the Canadian Rockies, four of which interlock and make up the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage site. These 4 parks are Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho. The national park not integrated in the World Heritage Site is Waterton, which does not interconnect with the others .The World Heritage site also includes 3 British Columbia regional parks that adjoin the four national parks: Hamber, Mount Assiniboine and Mount Robson.