Bangkok is the capital, biggest city area and most important city of Thailand. Known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, meaning "city of angels" for short, it was a tiny trading post at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. It came to the forefront of Siam when it was given the rank as the capital city in 1768 after the burning of Ayutthaya. However, the present Rattanakosin Kingdom did not begin until 1782 when the capital was moved across the river by Rama I after the death of King Taksin. The Rattanakosin capital is now more officially called "Phra Nakhon" pertaining to the ancient boundaries in the metropolis' core and the name Bangkok now incorporates the city build-up since the 18th century which has its own public administration and governor
Since its beginning as the capital of Siam, it was an aim of European regal plans, but due to its planned location in Indochina, it acted as a buffer-zone and brokered power between the European forces. Through this, it expanded disrepute in the world as a self-governing, dynamic and influential city. And in the distance of over 200 years, Bangkok has developed to become the political, social and financial center of Thailand, Indochina and one of Southeast Asia
As a straight effect of the 1980s and 1990s Asian investment boom, many multinational corporations base their local headquarters in Bangkok and the city has become a regional force in finance and business. Its increasing power on global politics, culture, style and leisure underlines its status as an Alpha global city. In 2009, it was the 2nd most costly city in South-East Asia behind Singapore.
The Bangkok particular managerial area covers 1,568.7 km2 (606 sq miles), making it the 68th largest region in Thailand. Much of the area is careful the city of Bangkok, therefore making it one of the biggest cities in the world. The Chao Phraya River, which make bigger 372 km (231 mi), is Bangkok's main geographical characteristic. The Chao Phraya River basin, the region surrounding Bangkok, and the nearby provinces contain a series of plains and river deltas that lead into the Bay of Bangkok about 30 km (19 mi) south of the city center. This gave increase to Bangkok's appellation as the "Venice of the East" due to the number of canals and passages that divide the area into separate patches of land. The city once used these channels, which were abundant within Bangkok itself, as separations for city districts. However, as the city grew in the 2nd half of the 20th century, the plan was deserted and a different system of division was approved.
Bangkok lies about 2 meters (6.5 ft) above sea height, which reasons harms for the safety of the city against floods during the monsoon season. Often after a downpour, stream in vessels and the river overflows the banks, resulting in huge floods. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) has freshly installed higher banks alongside some canals to remain water levels from reaching street level. There is however some downsides for Bangkok's extensive canal routes, as the city is rumored to be go under an typical of 2 inches a year as it lies entirely on a swamp.
The city's prosperity of educational landmarks and magnetisms in addition to its infamous entertainment venues has made it synonymous with exoticism. Its historic wealth coincides with its fast modernization, reflected in the cityscape and the town society. The Grand Palace, Vimanmek Palace compound, its thousands of temples, and the city's notorious red-light districts combine draw in eleven million international visitors each year, trailing just Paris and London.
Bangkok has a recorded populace of 9,100,000 residents while the superior Bangkok area has a population of 11,971,000 (Jan 2008). The capital is division of the heavily urbanized triangle of central and eastern Thailand which stretches from Nakhon Ratchasima along Bangkok to the greatly Industrialized Eastern Seaboard. Bangkok borders 5 other provinces: Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon and Nakhon Pathom, and all 5 provinces are joined in the conurbation of the Bangkok Metropolitan Area. It is served by 2 international airports, Suvarnabhumi Airport and Don Mueang International Airport, four rapid transit lines operated by the BTS, MRT, and the SRT, with plans to add additional lines by 2020.
Bangkok has a tropical wet and dry climate under the Köppen climate classification system. Average temperatures in the city are about 2 °C (3.6 °F) higher than the ones shown for the Don Mueang Airport during the 1960-1990 period. The highest recorded maximum temperature is 40.8 °C (105.4 °F) in May 1983 and the lowest recorded minimum temperature is 9.9 °C (49.8 °F) in January 1955. The coldest temperatures were recorded in January 1924, January 1955, January 1974 and December 1999. The hottest year on record was 1997 (average yearly at Don Muang 30.0 °C) and the coldest was 1975 (average yearly at Don Muang 26.3 °C). The coldest daytime maximum temperature was 19.9 °C (68 °F), recorded in December 1992.